The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's)
'Sans Peur' 'Ne Obliviscaris'
MAJOR EVENTS IN HISTORY
|1799||Scotland||93rd (Highland) Regiment of Foot - raised by Major General William Wemyss on request from the Throne, wore the Sutherland tartan|
|1799||Scotland||93rd Sutherland Highlanders - raised on request from the Throne under the patronage of the Sutherland family; men were conscripted as a test of their feudal duty; wore the Sutherland tartan|
|Inverness||Letter of Service granted to Maj Gen William Wemyss of Wemyss to raise a Highland Regiment. For the first few months of its existence it was known as Maj Gen Wemyss's Regiment of Infantry.
It was comprised of 259 men from the Sutherland Fencibles and other men from the disbanding Reay Fencibles (mostly MacKays), the Rothesay and Caithness Fencibles, the Scots Militia, the tenantry of Sutherland and the lands of Ross-shire.
They were mostly all native Gaelic-speaking men. There were also 3 Englishmen (2 with Scots names), but they were all later discharged as unfit for service.
In August the Regiment was embodied at Inverness and the men were inspected by Maj Gen Leith Hay.
In September Maj Gen Wemyss's Regiment of Infantry was numbered the 93rd Highlanders.
On the 23rd September, the Regiment embarked at Fort George via Aberdeen for Guernsey.
On the 23rd October, the Regiment landed at Guernsey.
During the month of October, the Regiment was formally gazetted into the Army.
|1801||25th January||Guernsey||presented with its first set of colours|
|Embarked at Guernsey to return to Scotland for disbanding.
In early October, the 93rd Highlanders landed at Scotland and proceeded to Kirkcaldy.
While at Kirkcaldy, 30 or 40 men belonging to Shetland were discharged.
With renewed hostilities with France, the order for the reduction of the 93rd Highlanders was countermanded and the 93rd Highlanders moved to Aberdeen.
|Moved from Aberdeen to Ireland and were stationed at Newry till July. In July the 93rd Highlanders were ordered to move to Dublin to assist in quelling the serious insurrection which culminated in the murder of Lord Kilwarden. The Regiment became very popular with the Irish people for their "kind and steady, yet decided conduct"|
|Early in the year the Regiment left Dublin for Enniskillen and was subsequently quartered at Longford, Youghal and Mallow|
|1805||July||Ireland||County Cork||Received orders to embark for Jamaica, but after spending some days or a fortnight on board ships,
he Regiment was disembarked and sent to Mallow.
In early August the Regiment embarked on the transport ships "Perseus (HQ)", "Charlotte", "Ann" and "Elisha Tupper", and sailed from the cove of Cork for South Africa.
It was the 93rd Highlanders first tour of foreign service and was part of an expedition to capture the Cape of Good Hope from the Dutch.
|1806||January||South Africa||Cape of Good Hope||Their contribution to fighting in the Zululand Wars begins. On the 4th of January the Regiment arrived at Table Bay where they formed the 2nd or Highland Brigade with the 71st and 72nd Regiments under Brig-Gen C Ferguson.
The other Brigade consisted of the 24th, 38th and 83rd Regiments under Brig-Gen Beresford.
The objective was to recapture Cape Colony from the Dutch.
On the 6th of January, the Highland Brigade landed in Lospard Bay where they met little opposition.
37 men of the 93rd Regiment were lost when their boat capsized, but they were all still cheering madly as it overturned.
On the 7th or 8th of January they fought the Battle of Blauwberg Hills.
The Highlanders advanced, fired one volley and charged.
3000 Dutch withdrew, leaving 400 killed and wounded.
The British losses were, 16 killed and 191 wounded, of which the 93rd Highlanders had 2 killed and 58 wounded - 42 of these later died of their wounds.
That day saw the surrender of Cape Town. This was followed with the surrender of Cape Colony on the 18th of January.
The 93rd Highlanders then moved into the garrison at Cape Castle.
|1807||South Africa||Cape Town, Blauwberg Hills||The Regimental traditions of the 93rd Highlanders begin to take form.
Soldiers earn extra pay as school teachers. They build and equip their own church, appoint church elders, pay for a Church of
Scotland chaplain, buy the silver communion service and send home large sums of money for the relief of the poor and their relations in Scotland.
|1808||South Africa|| Cape Town,|
|The Regiment consolidated its position.|
|1809||South Africa|| Cape Town,|
|The 93rd (Highland) Regiment of Foot was redesignated the 93rd Regiment of Foot|
|1811||June||South Africa|| Cape Town,|
|The 93rd Regiment of Foot received its 2nd stand of colours|
| Cape Town,|
|The 1st Battalion remained in South Africa while the 2nd Battalion 93rd Regiment of Foot was being formed at Inverness for service in the Peninsular Wars, but it never went to the peninsula, owing to the peace of 1814.|
1st BattalionOn the 25th of April the 1st Battalion embarked for England at the Cape in the transport ships "Baring (HQ)", "Preston" and "Norfolk".
They contributed £78 to the Gaelic School Society.
On the 2nd of August they anchored in Plymouth Sound and a few days later sailed for Spithead.
They sent over £500 home to Scotland for the relief of their families, who had been evicted and ruined by the Highland clearances.
(*note: a private's pay, after deductions, averaged 1 shilling, 7 1/2 pence a week.) In a Battalion of 1,018 NCO's and men, 977 were Scottish.
10th August they arrived at Spithead, where the Battalion was transferred to HM ships "Belle Poule", "Dublin" and "Queen" to sail back to Plymouth.
and on the 15th August they disembarked at Plymouth and marched into Frankfort Barracks.
On the 7th September they were ordered to hold themselves in immediate readiness for embarkation and on the 16th September they embarked at Plymouth on H.M.S. "Alceste", "Bedford" and "Belle Poule" for the American War of Independence.
The General Officer Commanding at Plymouth, ordered the 93rd Regiment to wear trews and hummel bonnets for the campaign. On the 18th September they put to sea for New Orleans.
12th October HMS "Belle Poule" escaped burning at sea.
4th November they arrived in Barbados and set sail again for Jamaica on the 12th of November.
On the 23rd November they arrived in Nigril Bay, Jamaica where they joined with the forces that captured Washington City.
On the 26th November a fleet of 50 ships sailed for America where the Regiment fought in the American War of Independence.
10th December they arrived off the US coast near Mobile and on the 11th December they dropped anchor close to the Chandeleur Islands, near the entrance to Lake Borgne.
On the 14th December they again dropped anchor off Shep Island in the Gulf of Mexico.
On the 14th of December, the regiment captured 5 American gunboats.
During the 17th-20th December, the expedition collected on the ship "Ile Aux Poix" on the River Pearl.
On the 22nd December the Light Brigade (4th, 85th and 95th Regiments) embarked on boats for the Pearl river, while the rest of the expedition (21st, 44th and 1/93rd Regiments) embarked in small vessels of light draught.
As they moved up river they were attacked by the Americans, under General Jackson, who held the road to New Orleans.
On the 23rd December the Regiment landed and spent 6 day and nights in open boats with inadequate rations, exposed to continuous rain, sleet and bitter wind.
But they arrived in time to help turn the flank of an American surprise night attack.
From the 23rd December to the 5th of January they fought in the Battle of New Orleans where the 1st Battalion of the 93rd Regiment lost a total of 573 men (16 Officers, 22 NCO's and 535 Privates).
The 24th of December saw the Treaty of Ghent being signed in Europe and on the 25th of December, General Sir Edward Packenham, the British Commander, arrived.
On the 28th of December 1814, the British advanced up the left bank of the Mississippi River towards New Orleans where they came under fire 750 yards from
Andrew Jackson's parapet and a schooner on the river.
There they lay for 5 hours under rain, sleet and heavy bombardment.
Eventually the British pulled back. In the skirmish, the 93rd Regiment lost 2 killed with 5 wounded.
From the 29th to 31st of December, the British were fired on by American Batteries on the right bank of the Mississippi River.
2nd BattalionMeanwhile, back home in Scotland, on the 23rd of March, the 2nd Battalion marched from Fort George on their route to Elgin and thence to Aberdeen for embarkation to Gravesend and on the 29th - 30th of March they embarked at Aberdeen.
On the 10th April they disembarked at Gravesend and marched to Gosport.
Then on the 23rd April they embarked for Newfoundland, Canada, for 16 months service.
1st BattalionOn the 1st of January the British attempted an assault on New Orleans, but torrential rain bogged-down the artillery and troops.
The US left flank was actually routed and was in flight, but this was not perceived by the British until it was too late to take advantage. The 1/93rd lost 1 Sergeant and 6 men killed in that skirmish.
On the 8th of January the Battle of New Orleans began in earnest. The city, held by a garrison of 12,000 Americans under General Jackson, saw the British, aided by the fleet, launch an attack with a force of 6,000 under General Keane.
On December 13th the American warships in the Mississippi were captured and, by December 21, the troops had been disembarked.
After a few skirmishes, Sir Edward Pakenham arrived on the 25th January to take command of British forces and on February 1st 1815, he launched a determined attack on the American position. This attack failed, and short of supplies, the British retired.
On January 7th the British made another attack but were again repulsed, losing 1,500 men, including Pakenham.
The expedition then withdrew and although Peace had already been concluded, neither side knew of it.
The 93rd Regiment lost 3 Officers, 2 Sergeants and 58 men killed, with 9 Officers, 17 Sergeants, 3 Drummers and 348 men wounded.
4 Officers, 2 Sergeants, 1 Drummer and 99 men were reported missing (at least 100 of the wounded died the next day).
The 8th of January saw the final British assault.
The American position on the right bank of the Mississippi River was overrun and captured, including a British cannon which had already been taken at Yorktown.
On the left bank of the Mississippi River, the American advance redoubt was taken.
The British right flank faltered and the 93rd Regiment aborted its support to the captured redoubt, instead it crossed the field to help the faltering right flank assault.
The assault was halted 100 yards from the parapet.
Lt. Col. Dale was killed. With no clear orders given to advance or withdraw, the 93rd stood fast and was mown down.
Sir Edward Pakenham was killed in this action. Finally, orders were received to attack and after a futile attempt to advance, the 93rd marched off the battle field.
British losses reached 2000 of which, the 93rd contributed 300 to the 550 killed, wounded and taken prisoner.
During the period 18th - 30th of January, the British withdrew downriver to waiting ships where they embarked.
On the 5th of February the Fleet set sail and on the 7th of February the expedition to New Orleans sailed eastward and anchored in Mobile Bay.
On the 11th February the British captured Fort Bowyer outside Mobile, Alabama.
The 93rd Regiment and others landed on Dauphin Island outside Mobile Bay.
Then on the 13th of February the "Sloop-of-War" brought news of the preliminaries of the Peace at Ghent.
At this point the women and children of the 93rd Regiment were put ashore. On the 26th of February, most of the 93rd Regiment's POW's rejoined the Regiment.
On the 20th of March the Regiment embarked for home.
On the 15th-16th May they arrived back at Spithead and received orders to move to Cork.
Due to the 93rd's weakened state, it could not join Wellington's army in Flanders and on the 28th May it disembarked at Cork, Ireland and marched to Birr Barracks. Here it was returned to strength with men from the now disbanded 2nd Battalion.
2nd BattalionThe 2nd Battalion moved from Newfoundland to the UK, where, on the 24th of December it was disbanded at Sunderland.
30 Sergeants, 23 Corporals, 11 Drummers and 303 Privates were drafted into the 1st Battalion 93rd Regiment to help strengthen it after the heavy losses sustained at the Battle of New Orleans.
|1818||June||Ireland||Dublin||Moved about from Birr to Athlone, Nenagh and Limerick|
|1819||May||Ireland||Detached again to Southern Counties|
|1821||Ireland||Moved to Athlone and Armagh from Cork and Birr.
93rd Regiment of Foot was renamed 93rd (Highland) Regiment of Foot
|1822||Ireland||Moved to Limerick and Dublin from Athlone and Armagh|
|On the 3rd-8th of November the 93rd embarked at Cove of Cork for the West Indies.
(During the 8 years of the Regiment's stay in Ireland, not one soldier deserted.)
In December, the Regiment landed at Barbados.
|1824||West Indies||Regiment moved from Barbados to Antigua and St Louis|
|1825||West Indies||Regiment moved from Antigua and St Louis to Dominica|
|1826||February||West Indies||In February the Regiment moved to Antigua and St. Christopher, with one detachment moving to Montserrat|
|1830||February||West Indies||In February the Regiment moved from Dominica to St. Lucia and back to Dominica|
|1832||January||West Indies||The Regiment moved from Dominica to Barbados|
|The Regiment moved from Dominica on the 3rd of April when it embarked for England.
Deaths in the Regiment during their stay in the West Indies were considerably lower than those suffered by other Regiments.
On the 6th of May the Regiment arrived at Spithead with a strength of 371.
Then on the 8th May it was sent to Canterbury.
On the 16th of May the Regiment's Depot Companies joined the Battalion at Canterbury.
On the 7th of October, New Colours (their 3rd stand) were presented to the 93rd Regiment by the Duke of Wellington.
In October the Regiment was posted to Weedon, in Northhamptonshire.
The Regiment stayed in Weedon during the early part of the year.
In May their HQ was moved to Blackburn, and detachments went to Bolton, Rochdale, Burnley, and Nottingham.
In September their HQ was moved to Liverpool, with the Companies moving to Haydock Lodge, Wigan and Chester Castle.
On the 27th-29th October the Regiment embarked at Liverpool for Dublin.
|The Regiment moved from Dublin to Newry|
|In May, orders were given for the 93rd to be held in readiness for embarkation for Gibraltar, but this was cancelled.
In December the Regiment moved to Cork.
On the 6th and 23rd of January, due to an outbreak of insurrection in Canada, the 93rd was embarked for Halifax, Nova Scotia. They sailed in 2 divisions from Cork.
On the 29th January and the 5th of March these Divisions arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
The Regiment moved about Canada with No.4 Company throughout the entire phase of the rebellion being attached to the 71st Highland Light Infantry Regiment in the lower provinces.
Then in October the Regiment was sent to Quebec from Halifax and were immediately moved to Montreal, where it received orders to proceed to Upper Canada.
When the 93rd reached Toronto it was only there for two days when it was ordered to return to Montreal.
On the 16th of November it was present at the capture of the Windmill which had been held by brigands and rebels.
On the 28th of November the whole Regiment was reunited at Toronto and on the 13th of December the women, children, and baggage arrived from home.
|1839||Canada||Toronto||The Regiment settled in Toronto|
|The Regiment moved to Drummondsville, Niagara Falls|
|The Regiment moved from Drummondsville, Niagara Falls back to Toronto.|
|The Regiment moved from Toronto to Montreal|
|The Regiment moved to Quebec where it received its first supply of percussion muskets.|
|The Regiment embarked on the "Resistance" for Britain.
On the 30th August it arrived at Leith, Scotland where it disembarked and proceeded to Stirling Castle.
|The Regiment moved from Stirling Castle to Edinburgh and thence to Glasgow. In the Summer it provided the Guard of Honour for Queen Victoria|
|The Regiment moved from Glasgow to Edinburgh|
|The Regiment moved from Edinburgh to Glasgow|
|The Regiment moved from Glasgow to Weedon.
On the 11th August it moved to Anglesea Barracks at Portsmouth.
|1853||14th June||England||Portsmouth||The Regiment moved from Anglesea Barracks, Portsmouth to Chobham Common where it took part in manoeuvres with the Army.
On the 15th of July it moved to Devonport, Dartmoor Prison, and Millbay, Plymouth.
Russia, Crimean Penninsula
|Alma, Balaklava, Sevastopol||
On the 12th February orders were received for embarkation.
On the 25th February the Regiment was reviewed in Plymouth by Maj Gen Sir Harry Smith.
On the 27th February it embarked aboard the steam transporter "Himalaya" and on the 28th February sailed for the Crimea, stopping at Malta.
On the 8th March it landed at Malta and encamped in the Bomba Horn Work.
On the 4th of April, War was declared with Russia and on the 4th or 6th of April the Regiment sailed from Malta to Scutari. It arrived at Gallipoli on the 11th April.
On the 6th May it moved back to Scutari, where it joined the 2nd or Highland Brigade of the 1st Division (Commanded by the Duke of Cambridge). Colin Campbell commanded the 2nd or Highland Brigade (42nd, 79th and 93rd Regiments).
On the 13th of June the 1st Division moved to Varna, with the Highland Brigade landing on the 15th of June. 22 men died as a result of cholera.
The Highland Brigade marched to Aladyn on the 1st July, but cholera broke out and the Division was sent to Givrakla.
On the 23rd of August, the Highland Brigade marched into camp at Galata and on the 31st August it embarked on the "Terrible" and sailed for Baltchik Bay on the 7th of September.
On the 14th of September it landed in the Crimea and on the 19th of September the Allies began their march towards Sevastopol.
On the 20th of September they fought in the Battle of Alma. The 93rd were the centre of the Highland Brigade which was on the left of the 1st Division.
The 93rd losses amounted to 1 officer and 7 other ranks killed, 3 Sergeants and 41 rank and file wounded. On the 26th of September the Regiment reached Balaklava.
On the 1st of October the 1st Division joined the Army at Sevastopol but the 93rd remained behind at Kadikoi to guard the entrance of the gorge leading to Balaklava and the British supply depot.
Then, on the 13th of October the 93rd moved up to the heights at Balaklava to counter the threatening movements being made by the Russians.
On the 25th of October the Battle of Balaklava was fought under the command of Sir Colin Campbell. 25,000 Russians attacked and took the artillery emplacements along the gorge.
The massed Russian cavalry pushed down the road to Balaclava but encounter 500 men of the 93rd drawn up in line across the road with 2 Turkish battalions on either side.
The Turks fired once ineffectively. The 93rd fired 3 volleys.
The Russians veered off and retreated, "hardly a man who was not either hit or his horse hit under him". "The Thin Red Line" was born.
The Charge of the Heavy Brigade took out some of the Russian cavalry which had split off. Then came the Charge of the Light Brigade. Most British positions were retaken.
The cold Winter played its part in the siege of Sevastopol, causing 100 to die from disease, and to make matters worse, on the 14th of November a hurricane hit the Crimea.
The Regiment embarked on the steamer "Vesuvius" for Kertch but did not land and returned on the 4th of May.
On the 22nd of May it embarked again on the steamer "Vesuvius" and landed at Kertch on the 24th of May, and after taking possession of Fort Yenikale, it withdrew to the Crimea.
On the 15th of June the 93rd reoccupied its old positions at Balaklava and on the 18th of June it joined the Guards Brigade in the front of Sevastopol for duty in the trenches.
During the period 18th June to 22nd August, the Regiment took its turn in the line and fighting in the trenches.
93rd losses during this action were, 6 killed and 57 wounded.
On the 8th of September it launched a 2nd great assault on Sevastopol. The assault on the Redan having failed, the Highland Brigade moved forward and occupied the advanced trenches.
During the night it was discovered that the Redan was unoccupied and as the Highland Brigade was about to occupy it, the Redan was blown up. Sevastopol fell.
Losses to the 93rd during that action were 2 rank and file killed, 1 Corporal and 6 men wounded.
On the 9th of September the Regiment returned to Kamara and on the 20th of September it received the Crimean Medal.
During September the 93rd received their first issue of the '53 Enfield rifle-musket.
Throughout the winter of that year the Regiment was employed in erecting huts and making roads etc.
9th May 42nd, 79th and 93rd Regiments had a parade at Kamara and were addressed by Sir Colin Campbell.
16th June the regiment moved from Crimea and embarked for England on HM ship "Sidon".
15th July landed at Portsmouth and immediately proceeded to Aldershot.
16th July Regiment was inspected by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert at Aldershot.
18th July Queen Victoria visits the huts of the Regiment, samples the food and talks to the men.
23rd July the Regiment moved to Dover.
On the 31st January the 93rd received orders to prepare to embark for India, 201 volunteers from the 42nd, 72nd, 79th and 92nd Regiments joined with the 93rd Regiment.
(Immediately after joining-up with these other Regiments, floggings took place in the 93rd, corporal punishment was almost unheard of in the 93rd until this time!).
On the 6th March the Regiment received orders to prepare for China.
On the 22nd of May new colours were presented to the 93rd by H.R.H the Duke of Cambridge.
28th May the Regiment left Dover for Portsmouth.
On 1st of June Nos. 3, 7 and 8 Companies embarked at Plymouth on HMS "Belleisle" for China and set sail on the 3rd of June.
On the 4th of June the remainder of the Regiment, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Leith Hay, proceeded to Clarence Dockyard at Gosport and received Queen Victoria on her landing from Isle of Wight. The Queen conducted a Royal inspection of the Regiment.
On the 17th of June 1, 2, 4, 5 and 6 Companies sailed from Portsmouth on the Steamship "Mauritius", arriving at St Vincent on the 30th of June.
On the 3rd of July these 5 Companies left St Vincent.
On the 11th or 12th of August the "Mauritius" arrived at Simons Bay, Cape of Good Hope, where it found HMS "Belleisle" waiting for them with 3, 7 and 8 Companies.
While at the Cape the 93rd learned about the Indian Mutiny. The posting to China was immediately cancelled. Instead, the Regiment was ordered to proceed with all possible speed to Calcutta.
16th August 1, 2, 4, 5 and 6 Companies left the Cape on board the "Mauritius".
2nd September the "Mauritius" stopped at Port Louis to load-up with coal for her engines.
On the 5th September the "Mauritius" left Port Louis.
20th September the "Mauritius" anchored in the Hooghly opposite Fort William, Calcutta. Here the Regiment were welcomed by Sir Colin Campbell.
On the 22nd of September the 93rd disembarked from the "Mauritius" and moved up river to Chinsura Barracks.
26th September the "Belleisle" reached Calcutta with 3, 7 and 8 Companies on board.
During October the Regiment started moving inland and by the 10th of October the 93rd approached Cawnpore.
21st October the Regiment arrived at Benares (428 miles from Calcutta).
22nd October the Regiment left Benares for Allahabad.
24th October the Regiment reached Allahabad.
25th October the Regiment left Allahabad by rail.
27th October the Regiment arrived at Fatehpore where 100 of the 93rd were involved in a small battle against rebels at Kudjwa.
31st October the Regiment reached Cawnpore. Here the Regiment saw the remains of a slaughter done by mutineers on women and children. The Regiment crossed the River Ganges and arrived at Oude where it joined the Column being assembled for Lucknow.
On the 1st November one Company was engaged in a battle with a large force of rebels at Futtehpoor. Regiment losses were, 3 killed and 16 wounded.
On the 2nd of November, Grenadier and numbers 1, 3 and 4 Companies engaged in an attack on a fortified village in Oude, Buntara and managed to drive out the enemy. 93rd losses were, 1 killed and 3 wounded.
11th November the Regiment joined the Division of Brigadier General Hope Grant and formed the Brigade with HQ of the 53rd, 84th and 90th Regiments, the 1st Madras Fusiliers and the 4th Punjab Rifles. The Brigade was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Adrian Hope of the 93rd Regiment.
11th November the Regiment was reviewed by Sir Colin Campbell.
On the 11th of November the 93rd stormed the Sikanderbagh at Lucknow.
12th November the 93rd marched to Allumbagh.
13th November the 93rd took the Fort of Jalalabad and destroyed it.
14th November the 93rd did a flank march to the opposite side of Lucknow and took possession of the Dikoosha. They attacked and captured the Martinque, then advanced about 1 mile further and spent the night there.
On the 14th of November the 2nd Relief of Lucknow began. 93rd losses were 1 killed and 11 wounded.
On the 15th November further losses by the 93rd were, 1 killed and 2 wounded.
16th November the 93rd stormed and took Secunder Baugh (a walled-garden fortification). The 93rd rushed and breached the gates.
Among the first to enter was Lieutenant Colonel Ewart. Fierce hand to hand fighting ensued for hours within the enclosure.
By 3pm, 2000 Sepoy mutineers lay dead inside the garden fortification. Sir Colin Campbell called upon the 93rd once more to take the Shah Nujeef fortification.
Under heavy fire, a breach was discovered and entered and the gate opened.
The Sepoy mutineers dashed away at the last minute. The 93rd casualties throughout the day were, 25 killed and 68 wounded, many of whom died later.
6 Victoria Crosses were awarded to the 93rd for their actions on that day.
15th November the 93rd fell back to the Martinque.
16 November the 93rd marched round Lucknow and attacked the Secunderabagh then the Shah Najaf and later-on the Barracks.
Up to the 21st of November there was a series of fights in an attempt to open-up the road to the Residency.
At daybreak on the 17th November the Regimental colour was uncased atop a tower, as a signal to the beleaguered garrison in the Residency.
18th-22nd of November the 93rd evacuated the Residency garrison of women, children, the 1000 wounded, the King of Oude, and £250,000 of government money. During this evacuation the 93rd covered the retreat and suffered losses of 1 killed and 6 wounded.
24th-28th November the 93rd marched to Cawnpore.
26th November the 93rd were accompanied by all the women and children from the relieved Lucknow and marched to Alumbagh.
30th November the 93rd halted on the plain before Cawnpore.
From the 29th of November to the 6th December the 93rd engaged in the Battle for Cawnpore and successfully routed the rebels. 93rd losses in this action were 12 wounded. The 93rd spent the next few days clearing rebels from the district around Lucknow.
On the 1st of December, as the 93rd were parading for muster, the rebels opened a heavy fire which wounded Captain Cornwall, 1 sergeant and 4 privates. Until Cawnpore was taken, the Regiment stayed under cover during the day.
On the 6th December the 93rd distinguished itself by attacking Cawnpore and after 8 hours of fighting, it was taken.
On the 7th December the 93rd withdrew to Gwalior.
During the 9th of December part of the Force, under the command of General Hope Grant, engaged and destroyed the enemy at Serai Ghat. The Force then fell back on Bithoor and remained there until the end of December.
On the 1st of February the 93rd advanced again on Lucknow. By the end of February the army started the second siege of Lucknow.
Adrian Hope's Brigade now consisted of 42nd, 93rd and 4th Regiments and the Punjab rifles and was attached to Lugano's Division.
On the 1st of March the Battle for Lucknow began.
On the 9th March the 93rd and the Brigade stormed the Martinique. They bivouaced in Secunder Baugh.
11th March the 93rd Storm Kaiser Baugh or Begum Kotee. There were 5000 Sepoy rebels versus 800 men of the 93rd. Fierce hand to hand combat ensued for 4 hours.
The 93rd suffered losses of, 15 killed and 47 wounded.
Over 860 mutineers were dead. In this action the Victoria Cross was awarded to Lieutenant William McBean for killing 11 enemy in succession with his sword at the gate.
On the 21st of March, after severe skirmishing and street fighting, Lucknow was cleared and was in possession of the British. The 93rd had 11 wounded. The 93rd proceeded to camp at Dilkoosha.
By the 27th of March the recapture of Lucknow was completed.
On the 7th of April the 93rd joined with the 42nd and 79th Regiments, the artillery, the 9th Lancers and some native units, all under Brigadier General Walpole's command.
The "Old Highland Brigade" was under the command of Brigadier the Honorable Adrian Hope of the 93rd.
The Regiment then proceeded toward Rohilcund, where it joined the Rohilkand Field Force under General Walpole.
It was destined to operate in Rohilcund and the province of Oudh.
By the 16th of April it had encountered a rebel mud fort, from which it came under fire. The Highlanders and the Punjab Rifles pushed forward and returned the fire.
Brigadier Adrian Hope was killed and 6 of the 93rd were wounded.
The Force withdrew at sunset and the enemy escaped during the night. The 93rd blamed Brigadier General Walpole for mismanaging the affair.
As a result, Colonel Hay, CB of the 93rd took command of the Highland Brigade.
On the 20th of April a battle ensued at the village of Allahgunge. The enemy were dispersed. Lieutenant Colonel Ross took command of the 93rd Regiment.
30th April the 93rd arrived at Bareilly. The British Army was reinforced.
On the 5th of May the 93rd were engaged in a battle in tremendous heat on the plains east of Bareilly. The enemy retired.
The 93rd were the only Regiment not losing men from the heat and they suffered no casualties in the battle.
7th May, the city of Bareilly was taken. The 93rd had 3 wounded in this action. Over the next 5 months the 93rd suffered from fever and several men died from sunstroke.
17 October the 93rd moved to Shajehanpore where they formed part of the Brigade with the 60th Royal Rifles and the 66th Gurkhas.
On the 19th of October the Army encountered rebels entrenched at the village of Poosgawah and expelled them.
The column broke up to pursue the scattering rebels but the rebel cavalry appeared at the rear, launched an attack on the baggage column and cut-up the camp followers.
12 sick men of the 93rd turned out of their dhoolies and opened fire, holding the rebels in check until the arrival of the Mooltanee cavalry which dispersed the enemy. 93rd losses were, 1 killed.
26th October the 93rd fought in the Battle at Russellpore. The enemy were driven back from their positions and put to flight.
On the 27th October the 93rd moved to Noorungabad.
On the 8th of November a Royal proclamation was read, transferring the government of India from the East India Company to the British Queen Victoria.
Throughout February the Regiment, under General Troup, was constantly employed hunting out rebels.
Between the 30th September 1857 and the 31st December 1859, the 93rd lost 180 killed, wounded, in accidents, by disease or missing in action. 58 were invalided back home to Britain.
On the 13th of April the Regiment arrived at new quarters in the Himalaya station of Subhatoo.
In November, the 93rd moved to Umballa for drill and musketry instruction.
|On the 9th March the Regiment moved to Rawalpindi|
|22 November the 93rd moved to Peshawar.
The 93rd (Highland) Regiment of Foot was redesignated 93rd (Sutherland Highlanders) Regiment of Foot
|7th July first attack of Cholera, through to November. 60 men die, 4 officers, 13 women, 12 children. Colonel MacDonald dies.
Command taken by Major Burroughs until arrival of Colonel Stisted. Surgeon Munro continues at his post even though racked by cholera.
30th December moved to Sailkot.
|Took part in the Eusofzai campaign. 9-20 December duty in Umballa pass during campaign against Mussulmen. 23 December moved to Durband|
|27 February returned to Sailkot.|
|1865-66||India||Sailkot||Remained in Sailkot.|
|1867||January||India||Sailkot||18th January moved to Jhansi. March, Surgeon-Major Wm Munro, M.D., C.B. made Deputy Inspector-General of Hospitals. He had been with the 93rd since 1854.
July 93rd was attacked by a severe epidemic of cholera, 4 officers and 89 men, women and children died. Returned to Sailkot
|1868||India||Sailkot||Remained in Sailkot.|
|1869||India||Sailkot||11 die of cholera in August.|
|14 February moved to Bombay. Boarded "S.S. Jumna". Left India after 12 1/2 years.
21 March arrived in Portsmouth. 28 March disembarked at Leith, Scotland. Welcomed home with unbounded enthusiasm after 19 years away, moved to Aberdeen.
|1871||June||Scotland||Aberdeen||15 June moved to Edinburgh. One company left at Ballater as Guard of Honour to the Queen at Balmoral Castle. One company at Aberdeen, one company at Fort George, and one company at Greenlaw.
4 August received its 5th Stand of Colours from the Duchess of Sutherland at Edinburgh, took part in the Great Review at Windsor.
|1872||April||Scotland||Edinburgh||April at the direction of the Queen, NCO'S and men issued "soft" tartan kilts and plaids, as the old "hard" tartan cut their knees.|
|11th May, City of Edinburgh gives public farewell festivities for the 93rd. 12 May 93rd march through crowds of admirers and pass 91st Argyllshire Highlanders on their way to replace the 93rd.
15 April 93rd moved to Aldershot.
July-August "Autumn manoeuvres" on Dartmoor.
28 September, Lieutenant Colonel Wm. McBean, V.C. takes command of the Regiment.
|2nd July moved to Cambridge Barracks, Woolwich. Move from Woolwich to Shorncliffe.|
|1875||July||England||Shorncliffe||Remain in Shorncliffe|
|93rd moved from Shorncliffe to Dublin.|
|93rd moved from Dublin to the Curragh.|
|1878||Ireland||Curragh||93rd remained at the Curragh.|
|Curragh||93rd moved from the Curragh to Gibraltar.|
|1880||Gibraltar||93rd remained in Gibraltar.|
93rd moved from Gibraltar to Aldershot
Amalgamated with the 91st (Princess Louise's) Argyllshire Highlanders
|1882||Regiment renamed the 2nd Battalion Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's)|
|Design by IT-SERVE © 1999 - 2018 All Rights Reserved||Back to Top|